Wireless equipment has made things simpler designed for us as we don’t want to be nervous regarding wires and supplementary networking stuff. The router is a wi-fi gadget which forwards data packets between pc networks. It’s a key switching gadget, which acts intelligently and routes knowledge only toward intended nodes on the network, and manages network traffic efficiently. A router can be utilized simply toward join particular networks or public networks like internet.
Each computer on an Ethernet network has a fixed address called physical (MAC) address. Since it is impossible to change this address for the majority of network cards, you can instruct the wireless modem to restrict address to the network cards of computers you will use to access the Internet for an added layer of security.
The problem is not that strangers will be able to use your router to access the Internet but that, without further protection, would-be intruders will be able monitor and sniff out information you send and receive on your network. Malicious intruders can even hop on to your internal network; access your hard drives; and, steal, edit, or delete files on your computer.
IP or Internet Protocol addresses are numerical signs which are assigned to every device connected to the internet. A device, be it a computer or a different electronic device which requires internet connection to function properly, must have an IP address assigned to it in order to be able to access the web. There is a total of 4294967296 or (2^32) IPs available, and the majority of those are public IPs. Public IPs are actually those who directly access the internet and are used by devices which go online. IPs have a format of x.x.x.x, where x equals all numbers between 0 and 255. Therefore, an example IP address is 188.8.131.52 or 184.108.40.206.
If, when setting up your router, you didn’t change the administrator name and password, or if you’re still broadcasting your SSID, (or if you don’t understand what all this means) then it’s possible someone else might leach onto your network and leverage your broadband connection for their own nefarious means.
Your IP numbering should begin with the router. This device is the center of your network; imagine a star with rays of light emanating from it. Each cable or wireless signal is one of these rays of light. The ends of these rays are where your devices are. If the router has the number 192.168.0.1, then computers and other device should be numbered 192.168.0.2, 192.168.0.3. Don’t assign the same address to two devices.
First ensure that your router model is supported by firmware software like Tomato or DD-WRT among others. Thereafter, download and install any one from its official or a trusted website. If the software is downloaded in a zip file, extract and archive its contents into a folder and place it (the folder) on desktop for convenience. You can put it to any location of your choice but make sure that it is easily accessible in next steps.
IP addresses such as 192.168.0.1 and 192.168.1.1 are significant for identifying the physical address or location of specific computers. They are generally categorized in different classes to enable administrators and users identify a network size. Additionally, classes contain bits that are necessary for determining host ID and also the network ID. Apart from that, they are normally used to know the overall subnet host numbers of a specific network. Now let’s get to know the different classes.
What is 192.168.1.1? Originally an IP address to identify broadband routers by Linksys, many other companies has picked up the IP 192.168.1.1 as the factory or default settings for their networking devices. The purpose it is set to such a default setting by factories is so that there will be a standardization that is easy to refer to, in which makes things much easier and convenient for first time users to set their own networks. Despite so, the IP address is changeable to your preferences.
When done, review all the settings, modify them if not correct, and then click on the Save Settings button to save the changes. Exit the router’s interface and other windows too. Your router is ready for use in online gaming or networking among other things.